The endocrine system produces and releases many of the hormones needed by the body for proper functioning. The thyroid is part of the endocrine system and creates hormones involved in regulating the metabolism. Various disorders can develop when the thyroid is not functioning properly. At Tan Head and Neck Center in Long Beach, CA, thyroid surgery and other methods are used to treat different thyroid disorders. Dr. Jesse Tan can develop an individualized plan to treat your thyroid disorder.
The thyroid gland converts iodine from the diet into two hormones known as triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These two hormones are responsible for increasing cellular activity and regulating cellular metabolism. When the thyroid produces too little or too much of either of these hormones, a thyroid disorder can develop. Thyroid disorders include:
Hyperthyroidism — Caused by an overproduction of thyroxine (T4), which can speed up the body’s metabolism too much.
Hypothyroidism — Caused by underproduction of the thyroid hormones.
Thyroid Nodules — Small growths on the thyroid, which ca be an indication of hyperthyroidism or an overactive thyroid.
Goiter — A swollen or enlarged thyroid, often due to an overactive thyroid.
Thyroid Cancer — Often detected by the presence of nodules or a goiter.
Signs of a Thyroid Disorder
Several symptoms can occur when the thyroid is not functioning properly. It is important to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment if any of these symptoms develop. Signs of a possible thyroid problem include:
- Unexpected weight loss or gain
- Muscle trembling or weakness
- Numbness or tingling in the hands
- Increased sensitivity to cold
- Mood swings or irritability
- Exhaustion or fatigue
- Heart Palpitations
- Hair loss
- Dry skin
Many effective methods are available for treating different types of thyroid disorders. Available treatments at our office in Long Beach, CA, include thyroid surgery, medications, and lifestyle modifications.
Surgery can be used to treat nodules, goiters, or cancer. Medications can help increase thyroid hormone production when it is too low or slow down production when the thyroid is overactive. Lifestyle modifications, such as dietary changes, can help with symptom management. Our skilled doctors can create a treatment plan tailored to your needs.
If you are experiencing signs of a thyroid problem, we can help. Dr. Tan can diagnose and treat your specific condition. To learn more about the different treatment options, including thyroid surgery, call Tan Head and Neck Center in Long Beach, CA, at (562) 988-8818 to schedule an appointment.